- Former South Africa President on Mandela (CNN)
- In Mandela's Own Words (CNN)
- Mandela: An Audio History (NPR - Radio Diaries)
- Mandela: Honored Now, Hated Then (The Daily Beast)
- Mandela in Pictures (The Telegraph)
- Mandela's Life & Times in Photographs (National Geographic)
- Mandela's Struggle in Posters (New York Times)
- Mandela's Walk (The Economist)
- Memories of Mandela (New York Times)
- Nelson Mandela Address (C-SPAN)
- Nelson Mandela After Prison Release (ABC News)
- Nelson Mandela Obituary (New York Times)
- Nelson Mandela On Overcoming Hatred (Moyers & Company)
- Nelson Mandela's Death: The Newspaper Front Pages (The Guardian)
- Remembering South African Leader Nelson Mandela (PBS - NewsHour)
- The Life and Legacy of Nelson Mandela (New York Times)
- The Long Walk of Nelson Mandela (PBS - Frontline)
- The Voice of Mandela (New York Times)
- Tribute to Nelson Mandela from Children Around the World (ABC News)
- Watch Some of the Most Important Moments of Nelson Mandela's Life (Smithsonian)
Today the world mourns the death of Nelson Mandela, the first black president of South Africa whose 27 year imprisonment became a symbol of the anti-apartheid movement. Listed below are some of the resources I have collected on Mandela's remarkable life and legacy. More can be found in The Long Walk of Nelson Mandela and Mandela Day posts.
Created as a companion to The Asia Foundation's study on subnational conflicts in the region, this interactive site allows users to see the history of violence in the region as a whole as well as explore specific case studies. For example, I clicked on Kashmir in northern India and was given a brief summary of the conflict from 1947 to the present. When I clicked 'play' on the timeline, I was able to see the estimated number of battle deaths in each year. These details could lead to interesting discussions in a World Geography or Modern History class.
All of my posts about Asia can be found here.
All of my posts about TEDTalks in the Classroom can be found here.
Today marks the 67th anniversary of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima during the final stages of World War II. The attack immediately killed 80,000 people with at least 60,000 more dead by the end of the year from the effects of the fallout. On August 9, another 40,000 people died in the attack on Nagasaki. Japan's Emperor Hirohito announced his country's unconditional surrender to the Allies six days later.
To learn more about the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, try the following resources:
On this day in 1215, King John of England put his royal seal on the Magna Carta, the first document forced onto an English King by a group of his subjects in an attempt to limit his powers by law.
To learn more about the Magna Carta and its effects on constitutional law, try the following resources:
On this day in 1987, in a speech commemorating the 750th anniversary of Berlin, President Ronald Reagan stood in front of the Brandenburg Gate and challenged Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to "tear down" the Berlin Wall, a symbol of the repressive Communist era in a divided Germany.
All of my posts on Cold War topics can be found here.
On this day in 1990, South Africa's Nelson Mandela was released after spending 27 years in prison. Mandela, who became a symbol of the anti-apartheid movement, was originally opposed to violence. However, following a massacre of unarmed black South Africans, he began to advocate for acts of sabotage against the government. After several arrests, in 1964 he was convicted and sentenced to life in prison. Mandela spent the next 18 years at the notorious Robben Island prison before being moved to another location, where he lived under house arrest.
In the 1980s, international pressure calling for the Mandela's release built. Finally, in 1989, F.W. de Klerk was elected president of South Africa and began the work to end apartheid and transform the nation into a multi-racial democracy. In February 1990, he ordered Mandela's release from prison. Three years later, the two were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for their work to "break the vicious circle that their country was caught up in."
The following year, in South Africa's first multi-racial election, Nelson Mandela won 62% of the votes. On May 10, 1994, he was inaugurated as the country's first black president.
To learn more about Nelson Mandela & the end of apartheid in South Africa, try the following resources:
To learn more about the 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor, try the following resources:
On this day in 1095, Pope Urban II called for Christian princes across Europe to launch a war against Muslims in order to reclaim the Holy Land, promising to all those who went forgiveness of their sins and to all who died in the expedition immediate entry into heaven. Between 60,000 and 100,000 people responded to Urban's call to march on Jerusalem. After gaining control of the city in July 1099, the Crusaders set up several Latin Christian states. It was, however, a short victory. Less than fifty years later, Muslims once again conquered Jerusalem. All told, Europe launched a total of seven major Crusades over nearly 200 years.
For more information about the Middle Ages and the Crusades, try the following resources:
My name is Angela Zorn. I work full-time as an educator at Bullitt Central High School in suburban Kentucky where I teach AP US History and AP US Government & Politics. In addition, I provide training & consulting services throughout the United States.